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Please write a 200-word response to this discussion.#1Assertiveness is an interpersonal communication skill that helps individuals express their thoughts, feelings, and rights in a manner that recognizes and respects those of others (Maheshwari & Gill, 2015). Nurses who develop assertiveness can carry out their jobs with increased effectiveness and may benefit from greater career satisfaction. Nursing involves several roles, such as interacting with clients, peers, and other health professionals. Therefore, having good communication skills and assertive behavior is a great advantage (Maheshwari & Gill, 2015). Ames et al. (2017) stated that the concept of assertiveness is both ancient and new because, for as long as humans have been social creatures, they have been asking themselves how hard they should push to get their way. Assertiveness matters for our outcomes, our relationships, and our well-being, and some social categories (women) seem to face an even more challenging balancing act than others (men) (Ames et al., 2017).In contrast with assertiveness, aggressive communication expresses one’s feelings and opinions strongly and as they occur. Passive communication is a style in which a person has developed a pattern of avoiding expressing their thoughts or feelings, protecting their own rights, and identifying and meeting their needs. Passive-aggressive can then be defined as a style in which people appear passive on the surface but are really acting out of anger in more subtle and indirect ways. Miller (2022) stated that assertive behavior and communication give leaders advantages because speaking with passion, decisiveness, confidence, clarity, and determination help to inspire, motivate, and guide people in a way that creates followers. Assertive communication is also important in leadership because leading in this manner builds a team culture where people convey their needs and expectations confidently, honestly, and transparently without becoming hostile (Miller, 2022).An example of assertive communication is a scenario where a leader is conducting a one-on-one meeting with an employee who has a pattern of being late to work. A leader will reestablish the expectations set during the employee onboarding process using assertive communication. They’ll have a transparent conversation around the issue and express the repercussions of not adhering to established absenteeism policies. Furthermore, they’ll tell the employees why they must show up on time. Plus, the assertive leader will coach the employee on handling situations in which they have a legitimate reason for running late. An assertive communicator will clarify expectations and prevent the issue from occurring again.Conversely, an aggressive leader will speak or act in a confrontational, insensitive, intimidating, or excessively emotional way. The employee may feel shame, guilt, and humiliation, and they may feel pressured into doing what the leader wants. Miller (2022) discusses how aggressive communication may lead to careless damage to employees and decrease the sense of a workplace that could otherwise be motivating, inspiring, and supporting. This mode of communication translates to job dissatisfaction, disengagement, work anxiety, low productivity, and high turnover rates (Miller, 2022).In my previous example, an aggressive leader might insult or threaten an employee who repeatedly fails to show up to work on time. The leader, according to Miller (2022), could verbalize statements like “Can’t you do anything right?” or “If you ever make another mistake like this, count yourself fired.” All of these statements cause feelings of hurt and fear, plus they deal a blow to a person’s confidence. Instead of making employees feel worse about the moments in which they fail, assertive leaders focus on uplifting and supporting their team during challenging times. Miller (2022) teaches that during moments of failure, assertive leaders provide effective feedback on what can improve and ask thought-provoking questions that create a discussion around how to avoid the mistake next time. Additionally, Miller (2022) wrote that assertive leaders are aware that attacking or reprimanding a person in an unconstructive way will only cause resentment and low morale, which doesn’t benefit organizations in any way.Miller (2022) explains that passive-aggressive people avoid being direct or honest about how a problem, decision, action, or crossed boundary affects them. However, they will use sarcasm, disdain, or negativity to communicate their anger, irritation, or frustration. Ultimately, this creates a lose-lose situation. By not expressing their true feelings or desires, the person causing problems isn’t sure what they did wrong or how to fix it. Additionally, being the target of such disrespect causes a further rift in the relationship. In workplaces, this leads to poor communication and dysfunctional teams (Miller, 2022). Using the example of the leader talking with the employee who is late, a passive-aggressive leader might make a joke by saying, “Look who decided to show up to work today with a little more energy than usual.” Miller (2022) explains that in this situation, the leader isn’t actively communicating an issue with the person’s performance or suggesting a solution to fix it. This means the issue will likely continue happening until it is finally addressed. By this time, stress management is no longer intact, and the manager is more likely to lash out at a worker in anger (Miller, 2022).The statement “assertiveness is considered unfeminine” is due to gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes are beliefs about the appropriate roles and normative behaviors for men and women in society. Assertiveness is considered a masculine trait, while submissiveness is considered feminine. Although gender stereotypes vary across cultures, they typically prescribe for men to be dominant, competitive, and assertive and for women to be submissive, warm, and nurturing (Menzies, 2018). Gender backlash is explained by Menzies (2018) as a form of stereotype bias in which women (or men) who act outside the gender norms suffer negative social or economic consequences (Menzies, 2018). Assertiveness backlash places women in a challenging position. To become a leader, women must adopt traits consistent with leadership stereotypes. The women acting more assertively breach feminine stereotypes. Thus, they suffer a likeability penalty that, in turn, limits their professional success (Menzies, 2018). Women need to work harder to be considered at the same level of competence as men, but they also need to work differently. Menzies (2018) argues that asking for a promotion, offering unsolicited opinions, challenging the status quo, negotiating for a raise, or speaking up about concerns may help a male employee get ahead, but a female employee could quickly end up labeled as “bossy” or aggressive for the same behavior.Assertiveness is a communication skill that can be developed. My advice is to practice being assertive every day, following the tips recommended by Miller (2022), such as setting clear expectations and boundaries, being aware of the body language and tone of voice, rehearsing what to say, using first person, asking questions to understand the other person’s point of view. When handling criticism, being assertive helps improve communication and establish the problem. It is recommended to use the first person to avoid a troublesome conversation. Using the first person helps to place focus on one’s feelings, expectations, and boundaries. The goal of assertive communication is clearly expressing needs and how they can be met. One of the ways assertive communicators do this is by informing the other person on how their behavior, words, or actions affect them or the company (Miller, 2022). This approach to the situation permits to seeks solutions and prevents people from leaving conversations without a suggested resolution (Miller, 2022). Assertiveness prevents ineffective communication.ReferencesAmes, D., Lee, A., & Wazlawek, A. (2017). Interpersonal assertiveness: Inside the balancing act. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 11(6), e12317.https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12317Maheshwari, S. K., & Gill, K. K. (2015). Relationship of assertiveness and self-esteem among nurses. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, 5(6), 440-449.https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dr-S-K-Maheshwari/publication/309242420_Menzies, F. (2018). Gender bias at work: The assertiveness double-bind. Culture Plus Consulting Pty. Ltd. https://cultureplusconsulting.com/2018/03/10/gender-bias-work-assertiveness-double-bind/Miller H., L. (2022). When is assertive communication effective? Leaders.http: //leaders.com/articles/leadership/assertive-communication/Reply to ThreadPlease write a 200-word response to this discussion.#2Give an example of the difference between being assertive and being aggressive.Assertiveness enables one to demonstrate who they are, what is needed or wanted, in an honest, open and respectful and accepting manner. Respect for both oneself and for others, accepting of others opinions and feelings. Conversely, aggression is harmful, idhonesu and disrespectful. An example of the difference I can think of one that is personal, as I had to learn not to be passive or what many people labeled “a doormat”. As a newer nurse was a “yes” person. If I was asked to take on additional tasks or swap shifts, help another nurse even when I was drowning, my answer to any request was invariably “yeah, sure, no problem”. I recall being given “advice” from coworkers to respond with statements like, “absolutely not!, you always ask me for favors and never help me”. What an exhausting way to live.What is the importance of this in communication? In leadership?Learning basic assertiveness skills can improve communication and increase success in many aspects of one’s life. Being assertive gives one tan opportunity to successfully deliver one’s message to a receptive audience. This proves invaluable in leadership.Give an example of passive aggressive communication.“You’re too sensitive….” This is the beginning of statement that makes me cringe. No matter what follows that last word or the reason why it is being said, is devalues the person who it is being said toward.What do you think of the statement, “assertiveness is unfeminine”?Studies show that when women exhibit stereotypically masculine traits commonly associated with leadership like assertiveness, they are less-liked when compared with men exhibiting the same traits (Vital smarts, 2015). The statement “assertiveness is unfeminine” implies that the act of a woman standing up for herself, her feelings, ideas, needs, concerns or for those of another, or a community, a cause, is not associated with the qualities of a woman. But we must bear in mind that those stereotypes have been assigned by, and perpetuated by us, society, based on a perspective or opinion. I believe the statement to be misogynistic.What kind of advice would you give to be assertive? What role does being assertive play in handling criticism? Ineffective communication?Any advice I would offer on being assertive would be advice that I have received. Use of “I” statements, be aware of one’s body language, having a neutral facial expression and open posture, and the most important, remember “no” isa complete sentence.Vital Smarts.(2015). New Study. Women Judged More Harshly When Speaking Up Assertively. https://www.vitalsmarts.com/press/2015/08/new-study-women-judged-more-harshly-when-speaking-up-assertively/

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