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psychology multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.Week 9: Roles of the Forensic Psychology Professional in Police Crisis SituationsWhere were you on September 11, 2001? Memories of that day evoke vivid images and emotional reactions. Most people remember where they were, what they were doing, and even what they were wearing. It was a moment of personal, national, and global crises, when reality was questioned and horrors endured. Panic, desperation, and outrage ensued. Many people lost loved ones, as well as a sense of safety and predictability in their lives. As a result, people began suffering from anxiety and depressive disorders. They looked to mental health professionals to help them resolve their feelings of instability and fear. They also looked for ways to prevent such an event from happening again, one method being the use of racial profiling.This week, you review police crisis situations and the use of racial profiling to prevent terrorism. You then examine how forensic psychology professionals impact the outcomes of police crisis situations.Learning OutcomesBy the end of this week, you should be able to:Analyze the role of forensic psychology professionals in relation to understanding racial profilingEvaluate the use of racial profiling in preventing terrorismAnalyze how forensic psychology professionals impact outcomes of police crisis situationsLearning ResourcesRequired ReadingsAinsworth, P. B. (2002). Psychology and policing. Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.Chapter 10, “Hostage Taking and Negotiation”Chandley, M. (2001). Before the experts arrive: Best practice considerations for early-stage hostage negotiation. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, 39(6), 12–20. Feldmann, T. B. (2004). The role of mental health consultants on hostage negotiation teams. Psychiatric Times, 21(14), 26–33. Giebels, E., & Taylor, P. J. (2009). Interaction patterns in crisis negotiations: Persuasive arguments and cultural differences. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(1), 5–19. Johnson, S. (2003). Better unsafe than (occasionally) sorry? American Enterprise, 14(1), 28–30. New York puts focus on antiterror training. (2003). Organized Crime Digest, 24(23), 4. Odartey-Wellington, F. (2009). Racial profiling and moral panic: Operation Thread and the Al-Qaeda sleeper cell that never was. Global Media Journal-Canadian Edition, 2(2), 25–40. Shiek Pal, K. (2005). Racial profiling as a preemptive security measure after September 11: Suggested framework for analysis. Kennedy School Review, 6, 119–129. Vaisman-Tzachor, R. (2007). Profiling terrorists. Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations, 7(1), 27–61. Wilkins, V. M., & Williams, B. N. (2008). Black or blue: Racial profiling and representative bureaucracy. Public Administration Review, 68(4), 654–664.Optional ResourcesSupreme Court Case: Terry v. Ohio, 392 U. S. 1 (1968). Retrieved from, J. (1998, August 16). Driving while black; a statistician proves that prejudice still rules the road. Washington Post, p. C.01.Discussion: Forensic Psychology Professionals and Racial ProfilingIn 1968, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Terry v. Ohio (1968), ruled that, even without a search warrant, police officers could search a person for a weapon if they have reason to believe that the individual could be armed and dangerous. However, when police simply use the individual’s race as reasonable cause for search or arrest, the police are employing racial profiling.State police statistics show that racial minorities have been involved in car stops, searches, and arrests more often than non-minorities. In 1998, a Washington Post article reported that in New Jersey, more Hispanics and blacks had their cars stopped and searched on the New Jersey Turnpike than other motorists. Individual stories continue to illustrate this trend. For example, in 2009, Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates was arrested on charges of disorderly conduct after police responded to a call reporting an attempted break-in. Gates had misplaced his keys and was spotted outside of his home, pushing open his door. When police arrived and questioned Gates, he became outraged and accused the police of racial profiling. He was subsequently arrested for disorderly conduct and, almost immediately, public accusations of racial profiling were made. Those who believed that the arrest was due to racial profiling claim that the police would not have assumed that Gates was breaking into the house if he had been a white man. Those who believe the arrest was not due to racial profiling claim that the police officers had a right to question a man trying to push open a door, especially since he had become belligerent with the officers at the scene.Since the events of 9/11, racial profiling has led to accusations of terrorism and arrests of innocent people. Some people attest that these arrests are appropriate because it is better to err on the side of caution, while others oppose racial profiling because it is a civil rights abuse. Obviously, racial profiling is a controversial issue, and it continues to be at the forefront of questionable police arrest behaviors. Forensic psychology professionals can be instrumental in helping police professionals and organizations deal with issues concerning racial profiling.To prepare for this Discussion:Review the following articles and consider the roles that forensic psychology professionals can perform related to helping police professionals understand racial profiling issues. Focus on the use and value, if any, of racial profiling in preventing terrorism. Think about how the use of racial profiling complies with ethical standards.“Interaction Patterns in Crisis Negotiations: Persuasive Arguments and Cultural Differences”“Better Unsafe Than (Occasionally) Sorry?”“Racial Profiling and Moral Panic: Operation Thread and the Al-Qaeda Sleeper Cell That Never Was”“Racial Profiling as a Preemptive Security Measure After September 11: Suggested Framework for Analysis”“Profiling Terrorists”“Black or Blue: Racial Profiling and Representative Bureaucracy”Select at least one role that a forensic psychology professional performs related to issues of racial profiling.With these thoughts in mind:By Day 4Post a description of at least one role that a forensic psychology professional performs related to police professionals and racial profiling. Then, evaluate the value and ethics of using racial profiling to prevent terrorism. Support your responses with references to the Learning Resources and the research literature.Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.By Day 6Respond to at least one of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:Ask a probing question.Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.Offer and support an opinion.Validate an idea with your own experience.Make a suggestion.Expand on your colleague’s posting.Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned and/or any insights you have gained as a result of your colleagues’ comments.Submission and Grading InformationGrading CriteriaTo access your rubric:Week 9 Discussion RubricPost by Day 4 and Respond by Day 6To participate in this Discussion:Week 9 DiscussionAssignment: Roles of the Forensic Psychology Professional in Crisis SituationsA crisis situation is a decisive moment that has a turning point, which results in either a positive or negative impact. According to the Merriam Webster Online Dictionary, a crisis is “an unstable or crucial time or state of affairs in which a decisive change is impending; especially one with the distinct possibility of a highly undesirable outcome.” A person experiencing a crisis is in a state of general anxiety and usually holds onto the possibility of a positive outcome, or engages in some type of behavior to achieve a positive outcome. National and global crises impact society as a whole, as well as individuals. A large crisis can affect an individual’s sense of well-being, emotional stability, decision making, and overall functioning.Forensic psychology professionals are familiar with crisis situations and are trained to use a variety of techniques to restore equilibrium—to individuals and to the situation. They can be effective in both prevention and intervention, and they can provide valuable assistance to those who have experienced crises as well as those in the midst of them. In police work, the daily responsibilities of the police professional can be unpredictable and unsettling. The police professional may often be called upon to deal with crises that occur in the community, with individuals, couples, or groups of people. They must be ready to address any kind of crisis and manage the situation until it becomes stable. Forensic psychology professionals can assist police professionals in addressing the many crises that arise on the job through consultation or direct involvement.To prepare for this assignment:Review Chapter 10 in the course text, Psychology and Policing. Think about the roles forensic psychology professionals perform that have an impact on the outcome of police crisis situations.Review the following articles, focusing on how forensic psychology professionals, and the roles that they perform, impact the outcomes of police crisis situations.”New York Puts Focus on Antiterror Training”“Before the Experts Arrive: Best Practice Considerations for Early-Stage Hostage Negotiation”“The Role of Mental Health Consultants on Hostage Negotiation Teams”“Interaction Patterns in Crisis Negotiations: Persuasive Arguments and Cultural Differences”Select three roles a forensic psychology professional can have when working with police organizations that impact outcomes of police crisis situations.Think about how each role impacts outcomes of police crisis situations, and then consider specific outcomes that are affected by each role.The assignment (1–2 pages):Briefly describe three forensic psychology professional roles that impact the outcomes of police crisis situations.Analyze each role and then explain how each role impacts outcomes of police crisis situations. Focus on the contributions that the forensic psychology professionals make in each role that influence specific outcomes of a crisis situation. Be specific.Support your responses with references to the Learning Resources and the research literature.Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list only for those resources not included in the Learning Resources for this course.By Day 7Submit your assignment.Submission and Grading InformationTo submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK9Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.Click the Week 9 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.Click the Week 9 Assignment link.Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK9Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.Grading CriteriaTo access your rubric:Week 9 Assignment RubricCheck Your Assignment Draft for AuthenticityTo check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 9 Assignment draft and review the originality report.Submit Your Assignment by Day 7To submit your Assignment:Week 9 AssignmentNext Week

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